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Writing Formulas for Binary Ionic Compounds

When we have a metal and a non-metal we have an ionic compound.

Metal + Non-Metal = Ionic Compound

If we only have two different types of elements in an ionic compound it is Binary Ionic.

For example,
write the formula for:
  • Potassium bromide
  • Calcium chloride
  • Aluminum nitride

Practice: The key to success.

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Keys for Writing Formulas for Binary Ionic Compounds:

  • Write the symbols for each element.
  • Find the charge for each element using the Periodic Table. Write it above each element.
  • See if the charges are balanced (if they are you're done!)
  • Add subscripts (if necessary) so the charge for the entire compound is zero.
  • Use the crisscross method to check your work.


  • Don’t write the subscript '1'.
  • If you use the criss-cross method and end up with something like Ca2S2 you'll need to reduce the subscripts to Ca1S1 which we write as CaS.

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